Spencer et al. Quality Improvement Survey

Constructs Measured

Implementation Outcomes N/A
Implementation Determinants Readiness to Implement
Communication of Policy
Leadership for Implementation
Non-training Resources
Policy Actors
Actor Relationships and Networks
Barriers and Facilitators

Policy Application

Setting Hospitals or Outpatient Clinics
Topic Healthcare Cost, Access, or Quality

Basic Information

The Spencer et al. survey contains 120 items to assess the development of policies and strategies for quality improvement in European healthcare systems, by mapping quality improvement policies and strategies, progress in their implementation, and early indications of their impact.

Transferability of measure across settings: Partially transferable (43 of 120 items transferable)

Citing Literature

Empirical use: Spencer E, Walshe K. National quality improvement policies and strategies in European healthcare systems. BMJ Quality & Safety. 2009;18(Suppl1);i22-i27. doi:10.1136/qshc.2008.029355

Policy Application in Reviewed Studies

Setting: Hospitals or outpatient clinics

Topic: Healthcare cost, access, or quality

Country: Europe, multiple

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PAPERS Ratings

Note: Blank pragmatic constructs indicate inadequate reporting to assign a non-zero score.

Overall PAPERS Pragmatic Score: 


Note: Blank psychometric constructs were not assessed in included studies.

Overall PAPERS Psychometric Score: