Perceptions of Environment at School (PEAS) Survey

Constructs Measured

Implementation Outcomes Adoption
Implementation Determinants Organizational Culture and Climate
Readiness to Implement
Leadership for Implementation

Policy Application

Setting Schools
Topic Infectious and Chronic Disease
Physical Activity

Basic Information

The PEAS survey is a 40-item tool with four subscales: (1) perceptions of school physical activity and nutrition policies/practices; (2) perceptions of teacher and classroom policies/practices; (3) perceptions of cafeteria policies/practices; and (4) perceptions of recess policies/practices description including total number of tool items.

Transferability of measure across settings: Setting-specific

Citing Literature

Development article: Lane HG, Driessen R, Campbell K, et al. Development of the PEA-PODS (Perceptions of the Environment and Patterns of Diet at School) Survey for Students. Preventing Chronic Disease. 2018;15:E88. doi:10.5888/pcd15.170561

Empirical use: Lane HG, Deitch R, Wang Y, et al. “Wellness Champions for Change,” a multi-level intervention to improve school-level implementation of local wellness policies: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2018;75:29-39. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2018.10.008

Policy Application in Reviewed Studies

Setting: Schools

Topic: Nutrition; Physical activity

Country: United States

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PAPERS Ratings

Note: Blank pragmatic constructs indicate inadequate reporting to assign a non-zero score.

Overall PAPERS Pragmatic Score:



Note: Blank psychometric constructs were not assessed in included studies.

Note: Additional subscale level psychometric properties are reported in the measure development article.

Overall PAPERS Psychometric Score: